- 1. 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所，广东 广州 510300
摘要: 对佳蓬列岛造礁石珊瑚调查得知，该区域造礁石珊瑚有8科16种，以霜鹿角珊瑚、盾形陀螺珊瑚、粗糙刺叶珊瑚、十字牡丹珊瑚和扁缩滨珊瑚为优势种，造礁石珊瑚平均线形概率为48.2%，以水坑湾和大凼湾最高，分别达80%和71%；其垂直分带明显，密集分布的水深为5～15 m。佳蓬列岛珊瑚礁资源已过度开发和人为破坏严重，死的造礁石珊瑚覆盖率为7.1%，文中并提出保护珊瑚的措施。
Study of community and structure of hermatypic corals in Jiapeng Islands
- 1. South China Sea Fishery Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fisheries Sciences, Guangzhou 510300
- Received Date:
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Abstract: The community and structure of hermatypic corals was surveyed from Jiapeng Islands in October 2004. The results showed the hermatypic corals were 16 species among 8 families, and the dominate species were Acropora pruinosa (Brook), Turbinaria peltata (Esper), Echinophyllia aspera (Ellis Solander), Pavona decussate (Dana) and Porites compressa (Dana). The average line probability of hermatypic corals was 48.2%. The high density sites located within small bays. The spatial distribution presented vertical zone obviously, it mainly distributed in depth of 5~15m. The average line probability of killed hermatypic corals was 7.1%. The resources of coral reef have overexploited and seriously destroyed in this area, the protection measures were also put forward in the paper.